The Main Literacy Programme (MLP) provides a comprehensive and quality curriculum to support students with dyslexia facing literacy challenges. The MLP curriculum integrates key essential learning components that are crucial in remediating students with learning difficulties and these recommended areas of instruction are adapted from the National Reading Panel, 2000.




Educational Technology

Today, more than ever, the role of educational technologies is of great importance and it is becoming the commonplace in the area of education to harness the interest of students and add value to the learning objectives.

edutech photo

Technology integration for digital literacy and the 21st century skills of critical thinking and problem solving, collaboration and communication and information literacy have become increasingly important. By using technology, these skills can be imparted to the learners. However, to do this effectively, pedagogical models need to be used.



Some of the main guiding pedagogies employed by EdTech are TPACK and SAMR models. The TPACK - Technological, Pedagogical and Content Knowledge - is about designing lessons incorporating technology to support the arranged content through a pedagogically supported approach (Figure 1). The SAMR model (Figure 2) on the other hand facilitates the practical aspect and scales the various levels of use of educational technologies into four broad levels so that educators can know the level of their technology integration in the lesson (Substitution, Augmentation, Modification and Redefinition) and how they can further elevate the activity.

The EdTech Team is focused on the application and study of educational technologies and how it enhances skills and cognitive characteristics in both educators and learners. The team thus pilots and leads initiatives with educational technologies such as studying users’ perceptions on uses of iPads in the DAS classrooms, impact of Mimio Teach Smart Bars on educators and dyslexic learners, and the formative approach to the digitalization of the Curriculum Based Assessments.

EdTech in DAS is at its beginning stages but the bigger plans are on the way to ensure that not only traditional learning methods are modernized but also that the use of educational technologies are purposeful to student-oriented learning.

EdTech Team














Phonemic Awareness and Phonics

The provision of a multi-sensory and highly structured phonetic instruction through the Essential Literacy Approach (ELA) has been incorporated into MLP lessons to promote and facilitate reading and spelling development in our students.













Reading Fluency

MLP lessons emphasise the importance of reading fluency through the deliberate planning of reading tasks that take into account students' reading fluency and accuracy to ensure that reading comprehension is not impaired by effortful and inaccurate reading.












Reading Comprehension

The Reading Comprehension Curriculum includes essential reading comprehension skills that are closely aligned with the mainstream curriculum. It also consists of skills that are taught and delivered according to the PPP (Presentation, Practice, Production) stages to:

  • facilitate the pre-activity discussions through modelling
  • scaffold and guide students in a structured, cumulative and sequential manner to enhance learning
  • provide opportunities for students to be independent in applying the concepts/skills learnt












Writing is taught to students in a structured, cumulative and sequential manner. The process of writing emphasises not only on skills such as planning, drafting, revising and editing, it also stresses upon the importance of linguistic knowledge, such as grammar and text structure, to make writing more focused and meaningful for our students.













Beyond phonics, MLP explicitly emphasises vocabulary development of morphemes, sight and high frequency words through instructions leveraging on Assistive Technology to improve students' language acquisition skills.


Localisation of Curriculum

The MLP curriculum and resources have been localised to better suit our bilingual learners and more importantly, to make learning more accessible and contextualised for them.


OG Approach

Lessons are taught in accordance to the Orton-Gillingham principles:

  • Emotionally sound - Lessons tailored to students’ abilities
  • Structured, sequential and cumulative - Concepts are broken down into smaller parts & taught one at a time, progressively & cumulatively
  • Direct and Explicit - Instructions, objectives and activities are explicit
  • Simultaneously Multisensory - Ensure multiple pathways to learning (Gillingham & Stillman, 1997)
  • Cognitive Approach - Students understand why each concept is taught

Programme has been audited by Ministry of Education, Singapore

“Services offered under MOE-aided DAS Literacy Programme are appropriate, and remain highly relevant in providing additional literacy support for students with dyslexia” - MOE 2015 Audit

Provision for MLP - DAS Bursaries

DAS believes that no child should be left behind because he or she cannot afford the cost of a DAS education. The provision of bursaries is critical as it levels the playing field for children with dyslexia from lower families. DAS and MOE provide financial assistance in the form of bursaries to Singapore students, or to students who have at least one parents who is a Singaporean.

The student must also be attending a MOE mainstream school between Primary One (1) and Secondary Five (5).





Our students’ progress is monitored closely through bi-annual curriculum based assessments - MAPTrack - conducted by our Educational Therapists.   This close evaluation allows our Educational Therapists to make the informed and needful adjustments in their teaching to address the needs of the child.  Our lessons are not static it allows for flexibility to suit the varied needs of our dyslexic students.